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Causes, prevention and treatment for gingivitis

Gingivitis, also known as gingivitis, is a fairly common disease that affects more than one person at any age. Gingivitis usually does not cause any major changes, so only when the disease is severe can a person find out. Therefore, in this article we will list some causes, prevention and treatment for you to follow.

Causes, prevention and treatment for gingivitis


Causes of gingivitis

The main cause of the two types of gingivitis is the plaque on the teeth. The main causes of bacteria are:

- Do not care about oral hygiene: When plaque is not cleaned regularly, the bacteria will strike to the root of the tooth and produce enzymes that destroy the binding of the epithelium ( connective tissue and teeth) and cause gingivitis.

- Cigarettes, alcohol and unhealthy diets: cigarettes, alcohol, sweets, too hot or too cold foods cause plaque on the teeth, thereby facilitating inflammation. development.

Frequent eating is too soft: you make your teeth lazy and make the structure of the teeth weak.

- Changing the hormone during pregnancy: There are many hormonal changes in women during the period of pregnancy and naturally, which reduces the resistance of the gums to the teeth.

- Loss of interest: When the gums and teeth do not fit, the food and plaque of the teeth will stay here.

- Reduction of saliva: causes due to age, drugs (antidepressants, diuretics, histamin ...) or diseases that reduce salivation, causing dry mouth, resulting in not eliminating the Plaque on teeth.

- Genetic: Bacteria that cause gingivitis are more harmful to some people than others. Those who are susceptible to the disease usually have inherited genetic diseases.

- Medications: Some drugs reduce the secretion of saliva, causing dry mouth. No cleansing effect of saliva, plaque and tartar can accumulate more easily. This accumulation also increases the risk of decay. Hundreds of prescription and nonprescription antidepressant and cold medicines contain ingredients that reduce salivation. Drinking alcohol also reduces salivation.

- Diabetes: People with poorly controlled diabetes or poor control are more likely to get sick. Diabetes causes blood vessels to thicken, reducing the ability to transport nutrients to tissues and carry debris away. This makes the gums weak and susceptible to infection.

Pregnancy: Changing hormones during pregnancy makes it susceptible to the damaging effects of plaque.

- Decreased immunity: Some diseases can weaken the immune system, making you susceptible to bacterial infections leading to disease.

If you increase the risk of gum disease, cleaning daily plaque is especially necessary. You also need to get more tartar more often. Ask your dentist for advice.


- Early stage: The gums may be red, swollen and bleeding, especially when brushing. In this stage, the gums may be swollen but the teeth are firmly anchored in the root. No bone or tissue injury. Early stage gingivitis can be treated if the person has the correct remedies, including brushing and flossing daily with dental floss.

Stage two: If the gums are inflamed without proper treatment and oral care, the inner lining and jaw bone are pushed backward, forming holes around the teeth. Small gaps between teeth and gums are places where food debris is trapped and can cause infection. As plaque builds up beneath the vault, the body's immune system struggles to fight off the bacteria. And so the antimicrobial toxins and enzymes in the body that are produced will eventually destroy the jaw and connective tissue (these tissues have a localized effect, between the teeth). The benefit of red inflammation, bleeding causing pain, swelling of the cheek, bad mouth odor. If the inflammation is long, the roof will fall down, causing the tooth roots to appear outward looking very bad. The worse the disease, the deeper the hole, the gums and the jaw are destroyed heavy branches, teeth no longer grip, will become loose and eventually fall out.


In case of severe gout if not timely treated will turn into periodontal disease, Periodontal disease causes you to increase the risk of some serious illnesses:

Heart Disease and Stroke: Researchers have found a link between oral bacteria and clogged arteries and thrombosis, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Some researchers find that people with periodontal disease are more likely to have heart attacks and strokes than those with normal speech. Periodontal disease is more severe, the higher the risk.

Pregnancy complications: Periodontitis affects the risk of preterm delivery and low birth weight.

- Uncontrolled blood glucose: Diabetes increases the risk of periodontal disease and other infections. Conversely, oral infections make it harder to control blood glucose levels.

- Pneumonia: If you have severe disease and have lung problems, breathing bacteria from the mouth into the lungs can lead to pneumonia.

Osteoporosis: Researchers suspect that there is a link between reduced bone mineral density occurring in osteoporosis and increased susceptibility to oral bacteria. If osteoporosis results in reduced bone density in the mouth, this loss of bone can pave the way for the bacteria to gain extra weight and risk of tooth loss. Sometimes, gum disease and tooth loss can be a sign of osteoporosis.

Gingivitis treatment

To remove the cause of plaque and tartar, patients must go to the clinic to get clean teeth. After the tartar has run out, the doctor will instruct you to brush your teeth and use dental floss to clean the plaque. If the patient is severely bleeding, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics after treatment.


Take care of your teeth at home by eating a healthy diet and brushing your teeth before bed and morning when you wake up. In addition, you should also floss only because the brushing brush is only to brush the plaque on the surface of the teeth that reach the tooth brush, and floss can only remove the teeth and teeth located in the gap between the teeth. and deep beneath the gums. Both of these measures are the best way to protect your teeth at home. Should brush your teeth on the outer surfaces of your teeth to avoid damaging your gums.

- Gargle and drink water after eating, especially after eating sweets.

Brush your teeth immediately after eating, or at least 2 times a day in the morning when you wake up and sleep before bed.

- Choosing toothpaste that contains fluoride and good for teeth, gums

- Choice of soft toothbrush, can clean the teeth, the innermost teeth without damage to the teeth.

- Do not use hard pointed teeth to poke teeth, cause root canals, food often or slipped into the area causing inflammation.

- Do not eat a lot of sweet foods, beverages have special sugar before going to bed.

- Get periodic tartar

- Do not smoke and drink alcohol

- Do not eat too hot or too cold foods, to avoid damaging tooth enamel and gum ...

- As soon as you notice abnormal signs on the teeth and gums, immediately see a dentist. Tooth decay and gingivitis are treated early, the ability to cure completely higher.

Regular use of good food for teeth

- Periodic health check every 6 months

- For young children, mothers should clean their baby with physiological saline since they do not have teeth.

If gingivitis progresses to periodontitis, you will need more treatment. Your doctor will try to clean the gums between the gums and teeth and give you antibiotics. In late stage periodontal inflammation, you may need surgery.

Note: the efficacy of the treatment can vary depending on each patient’s condition.

For more information please contact:

I-DENT DENTAL IMPLANT CENTER                        

Dental Clinic - Ho Chi Minh City The Army Navy Swimming Pool

Building 19V Nguyen Huu Canh Str, Ward 19, Binh Thanh District, HCMC

Dental Clinic - Ho Chi Minh City An Dong 

Building 193A-195 Hung Vuong Str, Ward 9, District 5, HCMC

Phone: (+84) 28 38 33 68 18

Hotline: (+84) 94 18 18 618

Viber us or WhatsApp: (+84) 94 18 18 618

Website:  http://www.identdentalimplantcenter.com

Email: identdentalimplantcenter@gmail.com

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