Periodontal disease affects millions of people around the world. This is the number one cause of tooth loss in adults. And especially periodontal disease is associated with a variety of other diseases like diabetes, heart disease and problems in pregnancy. Nearly half of adults age 30 and older have some gum disease. And the percentage increases with age.
However, since the symptoms of periodontal disease can be very difficult to detect. Many people do not realize they have periodontal disease until it starts causing serious dental problems. You probably do not know, the benefits of gum are to get you a good smile and good oral health. However, when the gums are not good, they not only cause aesthetic loss but can also lose teeth.
Signs when you have periodontitis:
One of the main signs of gum disease is the presence of a bag surrounding the teeth. It is the space around the teeth, under the gums, that are infected. Periodontal glands provide an ideal environment for bacteria to grow. And it can spread to other teeth as the bond between teeth and gums disappears.
Although periodontal pockets are not visible. But they can be detected when you come to the nearest dentist every 6 months. Then the dentists will check and detect early periodontal disease to help you.
What happens when you have periodontitis:
Even when the gums are healthy, the top of the gum tissue does not attach directly to the teeth. Instead, there is a small space between the teeth and gums called grooves. Bacteria and food particles can accumulate in the groove. But most of them will be removed by brushing and flossing.
However, toothbrushes usually do not reach 2-3 millimeters under the gums. If the grooves are deeper, bacteria and food debris can build up beneath the gums. Causes gingivitis and swelling. When the gum tissue starts to detach or pull out of the tooth, it leaves a larger gap between the teeth and gums. Where harmful bacteria can develop.
At this point, the groove is called the "periodontal pocket." If the bacteria in the bag are not removed, they will continue to accumulate there. Causes bone loss and gum tissue under the gum line. And finally erode the structures that hold the teeth in place.
How does the disease progress?
The early stage of periodontitis is called gingivitis. Here, plaque builds up around the gums, develops into inflammation, and gums can begin to swell. No bone damage to gingivitis. And fortunately, periodontitis can be treated with good oral hygiene and shaved teeth every 6 months at the nearest dentist.
If untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more serious stage of gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontal disease damages the tissues surrounding the teeth, including bones, periodontal ligaments, and gum tissue.
While many people believe that the bone is held directly by the jaw, it is more complicated. Teeth are actually kept in place by thousands of tiny fibers connecting the root to the bone. These fibers can be damaged or destroyed by infectious diseases. They are caused by untreated periodontal disease.
In case of periodontitis, the periodontal pocket will infect people, leading to loss of bone under the gums. This is a "deep bag" that no one wants, so it is important to diagnose and treat periodontal disease before they threaten the integrity of the supporting structures - or even cause tooth loss.
What can you do?
Although periodontitis is one of the most common health problems in the world. But it can be prevented with good oral hygiene. It means brushing twice a day for 2 minutes each time. floss once a day. And fortunately, in many cases, gum disease can be treated if detected early.
But if not controlled, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss and other negative ailments. Periodontal pockets are one of the main signs of gum disease. Although you cannot see them, your dentist can detect them during normal examinations. And treatment before the periodontal pocket develops further.
You can take the initiative and control your oral health by planning regular checkups and regular cleaning.
Remove bad habits like smoking or drinking sodas. And do good oral hygiene at home. Keeping your teeth and gums healthy is the best way to get a smile on your face. If you have questions about how to handle oral hygiene, ask your dentist for advice.
Note: the efficacy of the treatment can vary depending on each patient’s condition.
For more information please contact:
I-DENT DENTAL IMPLANT CENTER
Dental Clinic - Ho Chi Minh City An Dong
Building 193A-195 Hung Vuong Str, Ward 9, District 5, HCMC
Dental Clinic - Ho Chi Minh City The Army Navy Swimming Pool
Building 19V Nguyen Huu Canh Str, Ward 19, Binh Thanh District, HCMC
Phone: (+84) 28 38 33 68 18